Title: LINGUISTIC BARRIERS IN ENGINEERING COMMUNICATION
Abstract: Being able to communicate effectively is regarded as one of the most important life skills to acquire. Having good communication skills helps in all aspects of life – from personal to professional life. Poor communication in the workplace can lead to misunderstandings, frustration, confusion as well as to a tense environment which does not encourage employees to be productive and open to collaboration. Besides solid technical knowledge, engineering employers attach a lot of importance to strong communication skills which are becoming imperative as the engineering industry continues to evolve. Unfortunately, there is evidence that most graduate engineers lack the communication skills they need in the workplace. An employer who sees improving communication skills as a top priority and invests time and effort in reaching this objective is an asset to any organisation.
Key words: communication, barriers, engineering.
Taieb BELBAHI, Mohamed Fouzi IMESSAOUDENE
Title: REMEDIATION OF THE WRITTEN WORD: THE USE OF FRENCH PREPOSITIONS IN THE WRITTEN PRODUCTIONS OF FLE LEARNERS IN ALGERIA
Abstract: Native language (Arabic language) is the first language (L1) that the Algerian child learns from his parents and at school. The feeling of mastery and ease of this language leads to a certain feeling of linguistic and emotional security in the learners. On the contrary, in other foreign languages, as is the case with the French language, some Algerian learners tend to find themselves in stressful situations facing more complex problems taking as an example the use of French prepositions in writing. Thus, the teaching of the Arabic language allows FFL learners complete mastery of written and oral expression. This teaching, which is a very important factor, participates in the development of their personalities, but it must equip them with a basic linguistic instrument to penetrate the other different disciplines including the learning of foreign languages.
Keywords: Target language, source language, interlanguage, preposition, analogy
Abed BOUBEKEUR, José Rovira COLLADO, Zouaoui CHOUCHA
Title: LITERARY EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE REFORM OF THE LMD SYSTEM IN ALGERIA
Abstract: The aim of this article is to analyze how the teaching of literature is conceived under the university reform of the Bachelor-Master-Doctorate (LMD) system in Algeria with first-year undergraduate students. At the same time, we want to find out whether teachers pay more attention to the development of Algerian students’ literary competence. Our research is based on a qualitative analysis, based on a descriptive cross-sectional design. In the first part, we present a brief overview of the situation of Spanish language and literature teaching in Algeria under the two systems: the classical system and the LMD system and in the second part we present the methodology of our work based on the description and analysis of the syllabuses of the subject “Initiation to literary texts”.
Keywords: literary education, LMD system, Algeria, first year, degree, introduction to literary texts.
António CHINHAMA DOS SANTOS
Title: NEW TREND IN FRENCH FOREIGN LANGUAGE DIDACTIC: CONSTRAINTS AND CHALLENGES IN THE ANGOLAN CONTEXT
Abstract: The present study is part of the teaching-learning field of Foreign Languages in the Angolan context, whose aim is to describe the new trend in French Didactics, constraints, and challenges in the Angolan education system. However, the approach to this theme implies re-examining the methodologies that marked the course of Didactics itself, relating them to the pedagogical practices of French teachers in Angola. This is descriptive and explanatory research and theoretically we rely on Claude Germain (1993), Maria Marques (1990), HoniQotb (2009), Vera Maria Candau (2010) and Sousa and Cardoso (2011). The empirical methods used allowed the characterization of the target audience, through the analysis of the governing documents of the education and teaching system and the application of data collection instruments. This research presents partial results of 250 learners of French as a foreign language for specific purposes in the provinces of Benguela, Cabinda, Huila and Luanda.
Keywords: Didactics; Program; Contents; Communication competence and Specific need.
Fatma GUENDOUZEN, Ibtissem CHACHOU
Title: SURVERYS ON THE ACQUISITION OF THE FRENCH IN ALGERIAN ENVIRONMENT: PARENTAL PROFILE, MOTIVATIONS AND STRATEGIES ADOPTED
Abstract: We wonder in the context of this study, which is part of sociodidactic field, about the contribution of the family into the acquisition of French in two children with notable skills in French language. However, these children come from distinct family environments: the parents of family 01 have very limited skills in French, while the parents of family 02 have a notable skills in this language. This state of affairs led us to wonder about the sociolinguitics profiles of parents, the motivations and the means adopted in the process of transmitting French to their children.
Key words: Sociodidactic; languages’s status; representations; transmission.
Title: ALGERIAN FIFT GRADE PRIMARY SCHOOL LANGUAGE TEXTBOOKS AND PREPARATION FOR WRITTEN PRODUCTION : THE TRANSFER FROM ARABIC TO FRENCH
Abstract: The current study endeavours to submit for analysis the conception and articulation modes of the activity/process of preparation for the written production in the Algerian Arabic and French language textbooks of the fifth year of the primary education. In fact, the two linguistic components constitute, in the Algerian educational system, one of the fundamental elements of the predominantly linguistic cognitive foundation. Bloom’s taxonomy regarding cognitive categories for the study of this activity/process has made it possible to highlight dysfunctions in cognitive transfer opérations between the two languages.
Keywords: interdisciplinarity, textbooks, written production preparation, Bloom’s cognitive taxonomy, cognitive transfer.
HSIN-I LEE, TZU-YU LIN
Title: CORRELATION OF FACTORS INFLUENCING CHINESE STUDENTS’ UNDERSTANDING OF LECTURES IN FRANCE
Abstract: In this study, a DANP approach to multi-criteria decision making is applied using the DEMATEL (Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory Model) technique, which is integrated into the ANP (Analytic Network Process) to know the links between the factors influencing the understanding of French university courses of Chinese students and thus to find the order of importance and weighting of the predominant factors and criteria associates. This is the first time that this DANP approach has been integrated into the teaching of the French Foreign Language (FLE). Thus, it can be seen that teacher strongly influence the other two factors; this result stands out from the other studies carried out on the subject.
Keywords: French Foreign Language, Chinese student, DANP, Lecture
Title: LEARNING BY LAUGHING: HUMOR IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND BETTER LEARNING, THE CASE OF ALGERIAN STUDENTS OF ITALIAN LANGUAGE
Abstract: This research was carried out for the completion of a Magister thesis in teaching at the Italian language department, Badji Mokhtar University of Annaba-Algeria, in order to show the importance and role of humor in the class of Italian as a foreign language for Algerian students. We collected the data after using the questionnaires by involving teachers and learners and we tried to analyze the relevance, the effectiveness of the use of humor in the classroom and above all its contribution to motivate the students also considering the possible risks deriving from the cultural differences.
Keywords: humor, teaching / learning of foreign language, motivation, Algerian students
Mounir MILOUDI, Abdelmalek DJEDIAI
Title: COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT IN THE DEPARTMENT OF FRENCH AT EL-OUED UNIVERSITY : BETWEEN THE STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS OF THE SYSTEM
Abstract: In this collaboration, the focus is on évaluation practices within the French Language Department of the University of Eloued. Faced with the objective of knowing wether the teacher evaluates the skills given during the course releases, a questionnaire is put in place. The results contribute to the conclusion that it is the content that is often evaluated.
Keywords: évaluation, exam, competence, content, strategy.
Nicoleta Florina MINCǍ
Title: AN APPROACH TO ORGANIZING GROUP DISCUSSIONS IN EFL LEARNING
Abstract: The paper aims to present group discussions as an efficient means for raising the students’ motivation level and increasing their involvement in the language learning process. Problem-solving discussion is a task-based activity viewed as a structural language endeavor, which leads to a range of outcomes for those undertaking the task. An organizational framework plays the key role for determining successful discussions. There are procedural steps of the group discussion sessions: the chairperson is chosen; the teacher selects the discussion topics; after formulating solutions, the chairperson directs the students to give an oral summary of the discussion proceedings; the teacher acts as a language consultant. Taking into consideration the students’ individual needs, we may use some techniques in order to deal with the uncooperative students.
Key-words: effective discussions, problem-solving, communicative activities, procedural steps, techniques, teacher’s participation
Elena Clementina NIŢǍ
Title: REMARKS ON TEACHING PREPOSITIONS IN ESP COURSES
Abstract: The article aims at emphasising the importance of prepositions in language learning and teaching. Identifying the relationship the preposition can establish with other parts and units of speech represent a difficulty for non-native learners of English. During ESP courses, the teacher should focus on examining prepositions in context and explaining the use of prepositions to learners to help them avoid errors in speaking or writing. Due to poor knowledge of the English language or to the mother tongue’s influence during the language acquisition process, non-native learners of English might be unaware of the mistakes they make as regards the use of prepositions.
Key words: teaching prepositions, non-native learners of English, misuse of prepositions
Title: PODCASTS AS A TEACHING MATERIAL POTENTIALS AND POSSIBLE USE DURING PANDEMIC
Abstract: The consequences of the Corona wave have left in the last two years 2020/2021 their mark on foreign language teaching and learning. With the corona pandemic, not only protective measures should be taken for schools and higher education, but other teaching alternatives should be found such as hybrid learning in order to keep learners up to date. One of these alternatives is the use of Podcasts in foreign language as a teaching and learning medium. In this article, the term Podcasts will be defined in relation to foreign language learning, then their potentials and possible uses as new learning media will be discussed. Finally, we give an overview of various podcasts, which can be used by our colleagues in their own courses in German.
Keywords: Podcasts, teaching and learning material, GAF-Course, hybrid learning, corona pandemic.
Title: THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE PROJECT BASED METHOD AND THE DIFFICULTIES OF IMPLEMENTING IT IN A LANGUAGE COURSE: THE PERCEPTIONS OF THE ALGERIAN INSPECTORS AND STUDENTS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL
Abtract: This article is a follow-up to one of our previous studies (Yousfi, 2017). We presented part of the results of a research on the training of teachers and their classroom practices within the framework of the project pedagogy adopted in Algeria. In the present continuity, we discuss the contribution of this didactic approach and the difficulties encountered during its implementation in the classroom. A group of inspectors and primary school teachers reported on their lived experiences, which we analyzed and commented on.
Key words: educational project, competence, objectives, advantages, difficulties
Title: IMPOSSIBLE INVESTIGATIONS: A POSSIBLE WAY TO LEARN ORAL AND SPECIAL LANGUAGE AT UNIVERSITY
Abstract: This article deals with the use of the authentic audiovisual document, Les Enquêtes Impossibles, with a view to promoting oral competence and learning the specialty language by French undergraduate students. Indeed, we conducted an experiment to see the contribution of this document to the development of the linguistic skills of these students. The results of the study show us that the use of the authentic document allows the simultaneous work of language and culture with the opportunity to acquire the special language of a given field. This document also stimulates students’ motivation and their involvement in their learning.
Keywords: authentic document, Enquêtes impossibles, oral, specialty language, university.
LANGUAGES FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES
Title: THE EXERCISE IN PROFESSIONAL FRENCH COURSES
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present the role of the exercise in professional French courses, used as a means to master French in professional interaction.
Keywords: exercise, student, teacher, professional French
Title: LEXICON DYNAMICS IN THE PANDEMIC ERA
Abstract: Language is a living organism in continual change. Lexical innovations are part of the development of any society and their role is to either depict a reality in its very essence or to create a powerful stylistic effect on the readers. Irrespective of their stability or transiency in the language, these terms give zest and grandeur to any historical age.
Key words: pandemic, metaphor, innovation
Charef Eddine KAOUADJI
Title: ETHOS, AN INCLUSIVE STRATEGY AT THE SERVICE OF POLITICAL DISCOURSE
Abstract: In recent years, political discourse, in particular diplomatic discourse, has increasingly fueled research in language sciences. From this perspective, Algerian-French relations, through their common past and the development of their exchanges in the aftermath of independence, is proving to be fertile ground in the field of discursive analysis. This article addresses the notion of ethos in political discourse of a diplomatic nature via a political address delivered during an official visit by Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika to France in 2000. It is very important in this study to consider the context of this speech. To this end, recourse to the prior image of Algerian-French relations as well as that of the political speaker is essential given that the primary ambition of a Head of State, setting out a political speech, is to build a self-image that meets the expectations of the audience. This analysis involves going through the different discursive strategies implemented by the political speaker in anticipation of building a discursive ethos that would guarantee the credibility and effectiveness of his speech.
Keywords: Discourse analysis, Political speech, Ethos, Context, Discursive strategies
Mehdi AMIR, Djamaleddine NOUREDINE
Title: FROM THE NEEDS ANALYSIS TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A COMPREHENSION SUPPORT SYSTEM
Abstract: This paper emphasizes the comprehension difficulties relating to the technical vocabulary present in the courses for learners of public health- nurses at the National Institute for Higher Paramedical Training. By following an engineering approach, we tried, first of all, to detect the flaws encountered by these learners when understanding specialized vocabulary and, secondly, to set up a system of assistance to the understanding.
Keywords: understanding, technolect, engineering approach, needs, help system
Title: ANIMAL REFERENCES IN FRENCH AND ROMANIAN MEDIA DISCOURSE
Abtract: This article aims to emphasize that metaphor is not an accidental occurrence in many press articles or radio shows. On the contrary, it is a figure of speech frequently used in conveying some particular messages. However, the frequency of these metaphors may create risks as well, resulting in linguistic clichés or a certain vulgarization of the discourse. The group of metaphors that we intend to highlight belongs to the field of zoology, because their frequency can be explained by making reference to the immediate social reality. Our study will also analyze the strong cultural component of these figures of speech.
Key words: metaphor, zoology, mass-media, cultural significance
Title: A PATH OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE CINEMA AND THE THEATER EXPERIENCED AT ANNABA UNIVERSITY: A CASE STUDY
Abstract: The following article illustrates an intercultural communication course tested in Algeria, at the Italian studies section of the University of Annaba, during the 2018-2019 academic year where a Club was open to students and teachers, and where moments of “sociality” in Italian took place. During Club meetings, through cinema, theater and activities of all kinds, an Italian-Algerian “product” was created. The idea for the project was born from the observation of a lack of both cultural stimuli and moments of meeting and educational and intercultural dialogue in the context considered. The case study focused on the analysis of the aforementioned deficiency, which arose through the use of various research tools, and on a cultural project born in response to the needs that emerged. Thanks to an action research journey, some of the objectives identified have been achieved, in particular the reduction of the distance between the participants of the Italian Club and the opening of the Faculty of Letters, Human and Social Sciences of Annaba to the outside.
Keywords: learning, Italian, cinema, theater, interculturality.
Title: RAISING INTERCULTURAL AWARENESS AND BUILDING INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION COMPETENCE IN PROFESSIONAL LANGUAGE CLASSES
Abstract: The present article aims to point out the necessity to raise intercultural awareness and to build intercultural communication competence in Professional Foreign Language Classes. After defining the main concepts involved and having as a starting point G. Hofstede’s cultural dimension’s theory, the article brings forward several proposals of activities and makes reference to certain available and useful resources and methods that could serve the announced objective.
Key words: Intercultural Awareness, Intercultural Communication Competence, Professional Foreign Language, G. Hofstede
Title: THE AÏN BASE AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS IN THE OFFICIAL TOPONYMY: THE NAMES OF THE COMMUNES OF ALGERIA
Abstract: This contribution tries to respond to the issue of the official name of municipalities. We have chosen to work on the Aïn base and its characterizers in order to identify the semantic categories to which they belong, through the languages implemented in their constitution and the grammatical categories of these constituents. The distinction between toponyms made up of the same components was at the heart of our analysis to know by what processes this is achieved. A number of six processes were used to distinguish toponyms having the same character. We therefore have the lengthening, the addition of a defined determinant, the use of different linguistic varieties, the graphic variation, the use of different grammatical categories concerning words of the same family and finally paronymy.
Keywords: official toponymy, compound names, semantic categories, characterizers, denomination.
Title: MOKEDDEAN WRITING: FROM THE HOSTILITY OF THE NATIVE ENVIRONMENT TO THE VENERATION OF A DREAMT WESTERN UNIVERSE …
Abtract: This article is part of an analysis of Algerian author Malika Mokeddem’s vision of France. A host country considered, for all the femalecharacters of the work, as a source of invaluablefreedom. It ispainted as the opposite of the original land synonymous of all hostilities. This space, whichrepresents a part of a Western covetedsinceearlychildhood, becomes the “paradise” rediscovered to use the expression of the narrator of My Men. Our workconsists of an analysis of the underpinments of the will of the femalecharacters to turn to an elsewheredreamed and consideredbetterthantheir native environment.
The idea of ourstudyis not part of a theoretical dimension thatseeks to highlight Westernism as “a notion thattakesintoaccount in Eastern culture anyform of reference to phenomena of Western culture” and itseffects on French-language Algerian literature, but itaims to exploit a worldview of the figure of a West throughliterarywriting.
Key words: Origin environment, West, France, Literary writing
Title: THE WASTE LAND AS MAGIC INCANTATION
Abstract: This paper demonstrates that T.S. Eliot’s Waste Land is a magic incantation to restore the lost values of the Western culture on realistic foundations. The poem’s intertextuality, together with its versification are analyzed in order to show Eliot’s view on Western man’s history: one of sin, fall and increasing decay. The main argument is that, through his poem, Eliot is attempting to restore humanity and its destiny away from the sad history in which it was cast from the beginning.
Key words: magic, incantation, poetry, Modernism, intertextuality.